Dosen Jurusan Ilmu Keolahragaan
Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan (FIK) Universitas Negeri Malang (UM)
Abstract:The purpose of the research was to determine the effect interval exercise with active rest and passive rest to degree of oxidative stress. This research was an experimental study. Using ÔÇ£randomized pretest-posttest control group design. Samples were obtained in randomized fashion from population 124 healthy subjects between 21-22 years of age, and obtained 8 persons for each groups. They were chosen from Faculty of Sport Science, in University state of Malang. Blood samples were obtained from cubital veins before exercise and after exercise in eppendorf tubes. The present research was designed to determine the changes of plasma lipid peroxidation levels (expressed as malondialdehyde [MDA]) and erythrocyte SOD activity in healthy people. This type of exercise is an aerobic interval exercise by ergocycle. This exercise was executed in the morning. Laboratory examination of the variables used TBARS method in Brawijaya University. Data analysis was carried out using descriptive and inferensial statistic with statistical software SPSS, Pairwise comparisons statistical multivariat and discriminant analysis. From stastical analysis, showed the difference of rate MDA plasma post test between active group of rests interval exercise and passive rests interval exercise (p = 0.153). This mean that there no difference between group of interval exercise with active rest and interval exercise with passive rest. While difference of enzymatic activity SOD erythrocyte between group of interval exercise with active rest and interval exercise with passive rest have value p = 0.004. There were difference is influence which significant between group of interval exercise with active rest and interval exercise with passive rest. This research result may give scientific information contribution for concept development effort and form of athletics practice which evaluated from oxidative stress parameter.
Key words:┬áinterval exercise, active rest, passive rest and oxidative stress .
Andiana, O., 2005. Pengaruh Latihan Teratur dan Tidak Teratur Terhadap Kerusakan Jaringan pada Tikus Putih. Skripsi, Universitas Negeri Malang, Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Jurusan Ilmu Keolahragaan.
Blokehealth, 2008. Exercise and Free Radicals: Exercise and Oxidative Damage, (Online), (http://www.mjholland.fsnet.co.uk/blokehealth/exercise.htm, diakses 8 Juni 20008).
Brunswick, 2008. Better results in less time? Interval Training may be the Answer for the Common Workout!. 2008 Life Fitness, A Division Of The Brunswick Corporation. (Online), (http:www.//au.home.lifefitness.com/ fitness advisor, diakses 21 Februari 2008).
Clarkson, P.M. & Thompson, H.S. 2000. Antioxidants: What Role do They Play in Physical Activity and Health?. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition,Vol.72,No.2,637SÔÇô646S,Augst,(Online), (http://www.ajcn.org/cgi/ content/full/72/2/6357#R135, diakses 26 Februari 2008).
Cochrane, D.J. 2004. Alternating Hot and Cold Water Immersion For Athlete Recovery. Physical Therapy in Sport 5 (2004) 26ÔÇô32, (Online), (http://www.sciencedirect.com, diakses 3 April 2008).
Erman, 2003. Oksigen Sebagai Ancaman Bagi Atlet. Jurnal Kepelatihan Olahraga. Volume 1, No. 2, Desember 2003: 61-69.
Fox, E., 1980. Encyclopedia of Physical Education, Fitness and Sport: Interval Training. Brighton Publishing Company: G. Alan Stull, Thomas K. Cureton.
Fox, E., Richard Bowers & Merle Foss, 1993. The Physiologycal Basis for Exercise and Sport. Fifth Edition. WCB. Brown & Benchmark Publishers.
Gur, E. S├╝rmen, Adhan E., Zehra S. & Haken G., 2003. Influence of Acute Exercise on Oxidative Stressin Chronic Smokers. Journal of Sport Science and Medicine (2003) 2, 98-105. (Online), (http://www.jssm.org, diakses 4 Mei 2008).
Halliwell, B. and John M.C. G., 1999. Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine (3rd ed.): Oxidative Stress, Adaptation, Damage, Repair and Death. Oxford University Press.
Harjanto, 2003. Petanda Biologis dan Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Derajat Stres Oksidatif pada Latihan Olahraga Aerobik Sesaat. Disertasi. Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Airlangga Surabaya.
Ji, Li Li, 1996. Antioxidants and Oxidative Stress in Exercise. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 222:283-292. Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. (Online), (http://www.ebmonline.org /misc/terms.shtml, diakses 26 Februari 2008).
Ji, Li Li, 1996. Exercise, Oxidative Stress and Antioxidants. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 24, No. 6. American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.
Leedy, P.D. 2001. Metodologi Penelitian Bidang Kedokteran, Cetakan Ke-Tiga. Balai Penerbit FKUI, Jakarta: Gaya Baru. Editor oleh: Arjatmo Tjokronegoro dan Sunedi Sudarsono.
Leeuwenburgh, C. dan Heinecke, J.W., 2001. Oxidative Stress and Antioxidants in Exercise. Current Medical Chemistry 8, 829-838. Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.
Liskustyowati, H., 1995. Perbedaan Latihan Naik Turun Bangku dengan Interval Istirahat Aktif dan Interval Istirahat Pasif terhadap Daya Tahan Otot Tungkai serta Kecepatan Lari. Tesis. Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Airlangga Surabaya.
Marzatico, F., Pansarasa O., Bertorelli L., Somenzini L., & Delia V.G. 2000. Blood free radical antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxides following long-distance and lactacidemic performances in highly trained aerobic and sprint athletes. J Sports Med Phys Fitness; 37:235-239.
Mates, Jose M.J. & Francisca S.J. 1999. Antioxidant Enzymes and their Implication in Pathophysiologic Process. Frontiers in Bioscience 4, d339-345, Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Malaga.
McBridge, J.M. & Kraemer, W.J. 1999. Free Radicals, Exercise and Antioxidants. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. Center for Sport Medicine. The Pennsylvania State University.
Pidcock, J., 2001. Carbohydrate Protection Against Muscle Damage. Last modified: December, 01, 2004, (Online), (http://www.worldclimbing.com, diakses 22 Maret 2008).
Rushall, B. S. & Pyke F.S., 1990. Training for Sport and Fitness, 1st edition. Melbourne: Mc Millan co. of Austria PTY LTD.
Shuji, T., Matsubara E. & Hirohisa, 2003. Changes Plasma Cu Concentration and Erythrocyte SOD Activity due to Aerobic Bicycle Exercise. Journal The Faculty of Education, Kagoshima University. Science Links Japan. (Online), (http://www.sciencelinksjapan.html, diakses 10 Maret 2008).
Spencer, S. S., 1994. Principles of Surgery (6th ed.). Mc Graw Hill, Inc. Health Provessions Division.
Wikipedia, 2008. The Free Encyclopedia. (Online), (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Wikipedia:Manual_of_Style, diakses 22 Maret 2008).
Winarsi, H., 2007. Antioksidan Alami & Radikal Bebas. Penerbit Kanisius, Yogyakarta.